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Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.


However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.


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Investment Risks


The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.


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Specific Risks


·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (“FSCS”), or any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

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16 Jul 2021

Webcast recap: Sovereign green bonds are a huge new opportunity

On 8 July, Lyxor hosted a webcast on sovereign green bonds alongside Sean Kidney, CEO and co-founder of Climate Bonds Initiative. We discussed the booming sovereign green bond market, the new opportunities for climate-focused investors, and Lyxor’s newly launched ETF (Ticker: ERTH), the world’s first eurozone government green bond ETF. Below are a few edited highlights from the webcast, which you can listen to in full here.


  • Sean Kidney, CEO and co-founder, Climate Bonds Initiative
  • François Millet, Head of Strategy, ESG and Innovation, Lyxor ETF
  • Philippe Baché, Head of Fixed Income Product, Lyxor ETF

Sean, what are the most interesting developments in the sovereign bond market in the past few years?

Sean Kidney: The most interesting development is that there is a sovereign bond market! A few years ago: nada, zip, nothing. It took the French government deciding to issue sovereign bonds before we saw any action. I will say, this started a bit of an arms race for sovereign bonds. The Polish government decided to pip them at the post, quickly issuing the first sovereign green bond while the French were still organising their programme. The Agence France Trésor [the agency responsible for managing France’s debt and cash position] came to market in a studied and careful way, and France now has by far the largest global green sovereign market, with around €40bn of issuance. That said, we’ve seen a lot of other ones come to market.

The broader green bond market is exploding too. It will have some 80% growth this year alone, and will soon have two trillion dollars outstanding. €2 trillion sounds like a lot, but there’s a €100trn bond market, so there’s still a long way to go. The space we really have to grow into is sovereign bonds: there’s about €55 trillion of those and only around €120 billion of that figure is green bonds. That means the growth opportunity is in the sovereign space. It’s a late starter in the past few years ago, but now we’re seeing issuance everywhere around the world.

So, what’s most interesting and exciting is the fact that this market exists at all and is growing so fast. It provides opportunities to investors which weren’t there before, and it demonstrates to governments the positive attention they can receive when they provide investments that are relevant to addressing climate change. That emboldens them to do more, which is exactly what we need.

What can you tell us about the role of individual governments in green bond issuance?

SK: I’ve already talked about the French government. Full credit to them: they’ve been fleshing out a yield curve and doing demonstration issuance and discovered, much to their surprise, that they can reap rewards for the French treasury.

Each treasury around the world has a similar approach. There’s the benefits to grow the private green bond market, pour encourager les autres if you like, and there are the benefits to their own scheme of signalling what the government is doing for investors, increasing investor engagement and telling citizens about the work they’re doing. When the Dutch government issued their green bond, where most of the proceeds went to coastal protection – you thought ‘ah, that makes a lot of sense’. It was fantastic they did that and drew attention to the work they’re doing.

Similarly, when Fiji issued its two green bonds it was about drawing attention to the climate change adaptation challenges of a small island state. It worked. They got media coverage right around the world and some consequent benefits for the Fijian government.

François, what factors do you think explain the huge increase in issuance and investment? Is there a genuine drive towards net zero?

François Millet: It all starts with the role of green bonds in an investment portfolio. Sovereign bonds make up around 54% of a typical global aggregate index. Yet until 2016, there was absolutely zero in terms of green sovereign bonds for portfolio allocation. That was the gap, the missing link there which has now been repaired. And there has been a rapid growth of the market, especially in the last two years. We’re not talking about France alone anymore, but a market where 30% of the outstanding sovereign green sovereign bonds have been issued this year.

That’s an amazing stat. Six months ago we couldn’t even have launched our new sovereign green bond ETF because it wouldn’t have met the diversification ratio needed in UCITS ETF regulation. Now we’re comfortable with that, thanks to the multiplication of issuers.

Any investor should have a green bond strategy because all the building blocks are there to do it now. The liquid and diversified aspect for sovereign bonds was missing, but that’s not the case anymore. That’s why we’ve seen the market almost double in size in about one year.

From an investor’s perspective, what’s going on in the change of attitude of investors?

FM: I think the change comes from two areas: first, portfolio objectives are changing. On top of the return-seeking objectives and ESG criteria, investors are increasingly looking to align their portfolios – committing to a certain warming scenario with no or limited overshoot, for example. This is a different concept. More investors are committing to Net Zero and showing that they are restructuring portfolios to meet this alignment target.

The second change of attitude is that there is an ever-growing request for traceability. Green bonds that provide info on use of proceeds but also report impact are essential, because investors want to know not only how climate change impacts the portfolio, but how the portfolio impacts climate change. Now they look for impact metrics, and are pushed that way by regulation too.

In the next stage of the new SFDR* regulation for investment managers, we will be supposed as investment managers to report the ‘green share’ of all our portfolios, and the investment management company itself, and we’ll be required to provide the percentage of electricity in our portfolio which is from a renewable origin. The regulations are pushing investors towards traceability and impact at the same time as the major shift in public opinion is doing so too.

Philippe, what has been Lyxor’s response to these developments in terms of product? What does Lyxor bring to its clients?

Philippe Baché: Our current range has three different options for taking a position on green bonds. First, there’s what we think of as our pioneer product, CLIM, the first green bond ETF launched in 2017, which now totals more than €570m in AUM. This is an aggregate product because it combines exposure to sovereigns, quasi-sovereigns and corporates. Second, another aggregate green bond ETF, this time with additional ESG screening. XCO2 excludes some controversial activities as well.

And third, the new product that we launched at the start of July. This trades under the ticker ERTH and it’s specifically dedicated to sovereign issuers in the eurozone, to help support investors’ Net Zero carbon objectives and to perform several potential roles in a portfolio as it has several quite interesting characteristics.

ERTH can be used as an investment tool for a Net Zero strategy adapted to the government bond exposure of a fixed income portfolio. Given the long-term nature of the green bond market, the rates exposure of this portfolio will be greater than the rates exposure of a standard government bond exposure. And maybe most interesting, thinking about what François said earlier, it offers dedicated use-of-proceeds reporting, and traceability in the sovereign bond market.

Watch the full replay to hear more from each of our speakers, including:

  • Analysis of the latest green bond issuance in Europe, including country breakdown
  • Investor demand for recent primary market issuance
  • The ‘greenium’ question
  • Portfolio characteristics of Lyxor’s new ERTH ETF

The view from Lyxor

The day is coming when a company’s fortunes will depend on the size of its carbon footprint, the global warming scenario it implies and its willingness to address broader societal issues, just as much as ordinary financial metrics. The best investment decisions keep this bigger picture in mind.

Our SFDR 9 compliant Lyxor Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF, Lyxor Green Bond ESG Screened (DR) UCITS ETF, and Lyxor Euro Government Green Bond (DR) UCITS ETF offer simple ways for investors to take direct climate action in their fixed income portfolios. You can also learn about the impact our flagship Green Bond ETF had in our 2020 impact report.

Learn more about Green Bond ETFs 

*SFDR: Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation.

Risk Warning

This document is for the exclusive use of investors acting on their own account and categorised either as “Eligible Counterparties” or “Professional Clients” within the meaning of Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2014/65/EU. These products comply with the UCITS Directive (2009/65/EC). Société Générale and Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM) recommend that investors read carefully the “investment risks” section of the product’s documentation (prospectus and KIID). The prospectus and KIID are available free of charge on, and upon request to

Except for the United-Kingdom, where this communication is issued in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP, which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK under Registration Number 435658, this communication is issued by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French management company authorized by the Autorité des marchés financiers and placed under the regulations of the UCITS (2014/91/EU) and AIFM (2011/61/EU) Directives. Société Générale is a French credit institution (bank) authorised by the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (the French Prudential Control Authority). Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM) is registered in the public register of the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets (Autoriteit Financiële Markten) as a manager (beheerder) of a UCITS. 

The products mentioned are the object of market-making contracts, the purpose of which is to ensure the liquidity of the products on the London Stock Exchange, assuming normal market conditions and normally functioning computer systems. Units of a specific UCITS ETF managed by an asset manager and purchased on the secondary market cannot usually be sold directly back to the asset manager itself. Investors must buy and sell units on a secondary market with the assistance of an intermediary (e.g. a stockbroker) and may incur fees for doing so. In addition, investors may pay more than the current net asset value when buying units and may receive less than the current net asset value when selling them. Updated composition of the product’s investment portfolio is available on In addition, the indicative net asset value is published on the Reuters and Bloomberg pages of the product, and might also be mentioned on the websites of the stock exchanges where the product is listed.

Prior to investing in the product, investors should seek independent financial, tax, accounting and legal advice. It is each investor’s responsibility to ascertain that it is authorised to subscribe, or invest into this product. This document is of a commercial nature and not of a regulatory nature. This material is of a commercial nature and not a regulatory nature. This document does not constitute an offer, or an invitation to make an offer, from Société Générale, Lyxor Asset Management (together with its affiliates, Lyxor AM) or any of their respective subsidiaries to purchase or sell the product referred to herein.

Research disclaimer

Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) or its employees may have or maintain business relationships with companies covered in its research reports. As a result, investors should be aware that LIAM and its employees may have a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of this report. Investors should consider this report as only a single factor in making their investment decision. Please see appendix at the end of this report for the analyst(s) certification(s), important disclosures and disclaimers. Alternatively, visit our global research disclosure website

Conflicts of interest

This research contains the views, opinions and recommendations of Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists. To the extent that this research contains trade ideas based on macro views of economic market conditions or relative value, it may differ from the fundamental Cross Asset and ETF Research opinions and recommendations contained in Cross Asset and ETF Research sector or company research reports and from the views and opinions of other departments of LIAM and its affiliates. Lyxor Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists routinely consult with LIAM sales and portfolio management personnel regarding market information including, but not limited to, pricing, spread levels and trading activity of ETFs tracking equity, fixed income and commodity indices. Trading desks may trade, or have traded, as principal on the basis of the research analyst(s) views and reports. Lyxor has mandatory research policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to (i) ensure that purported facts in research reports are based on reliable information and (ii) to prevent improper selective or tiered dissemination of research reports. In addition, research analysts receive compensation based, in part, on the quality and accuracy of their analysis, client feedback, competitive factors and LIAM’s total revenues including revenues from management fees and investment advisory fees and distribution fees.

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