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THIS WEBSITE IS AIMED AT PROFESSIONAL CLIENTS IN THE UK

The information on this website is published in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP (Lyxor UK), which is authorized by Financial Conduct Authority in the UK, under FCA Registration Number 435658.

 

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This website is subject to French law and English Law

 

A professional client is a client that is either a per se professional client or an elective professional client  (Note article 4 (1) 12 of Mifid )

 

A professional client is one of the following:

– an entity required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets. The following list includes all authorised entities carrying out the characteristic activities of the entities mentioned, whether authorised by an EEA State or a third country and whether or not authorised by reference to a directive:

  • a credit institution
  • an investment firm
  • any other authorised or regulated financial institution
  • an insurance company
  • a collective investment scheme or the management company of such a scheme
  • a pension fund or the management company of a pension fund
  • a commodity or commodity derivatives dealer
  • a local
  • any other institutional investor

– in relation to MiFID or equivalent third country business, a large undertaking, meeting two of the following size requirements on a company basis:

  • balance sheet total of EUR 20,000,000
  • net turnover of EUR 40,000,000
  • own funds of EUR 2,000,000

– in relation to business that is neither MiFID or equivalent third country business, a large undertaking meeting either of the following conditions:

  • a body corporate (including a limited liability partnership) which has (or any of whose holding companies or subsidiaries has) called up share capital of at least £10 million (or its equivalent in any other currency at the relevant time)
  • a large undertaking that meets (or any of whose holding companies or subsidiaries meets) two of the following tests: (i) a balance sheet total of EUR 12,500,000; (ii) a net turnover of EUR 25,000,000; (iii) an average number of employees during the year of 250
  • a national or regional government, a public body that manages public debt, a central bank, an international or supranational institution (such as the World Bank, the IMF, the ECP, the EIB) or another similar international organisation.
  • another institutional investor whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments (in relation to the firm's MiFID or equivalent third country business) or designated investments (in relation to the firm's other business). This includes entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions.

 

The above definition is only an extract and is not exhaustive. For further details please refer to the Glossary section of the FCA Handbook: https://www.handbook.fca.org.uk/handbook/glossary/

 

 

Lyxor and Lyxor ETF are names used by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP to promote the products of Lyxor International Asset Management. Although information contained herein is from sources believed to be reliable, Lyxor UK makes no representation or warranty regarding the accuracy af any information. Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of these materials is prohibited. This site is maintained by Lyxor UK, SG House, 41 Towar Hill, London EC3N 4SG.

 

 

Marketing Restrictions and Implications

 

Lyxor UCITS compliant Exchange Traded Funds (Lyxor UCITS ETFs) referred to on this website are open ended mutual investment funds (i) established under the French law and approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority), or (ii) established under the Luxembourg law and approved by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (the Luxembourg Financial Supervisory Committee). Most, if not all, of the protections provided by the UK regulatory system generally and for UK authorised funds do not apply to these exchange traded funds (ETFs). In particular, investors should note that holdings in this product will not be covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, or by any similar scheme in France.

 

This website is exclusively intended for persons who are not "US persons", as such term is defined in Regulation S or the US Securities Act 1933, as amended, and who are not physically present in the US. This website does not constitute an offer or an invitation to purchase any securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such offer or invitation is not authorised or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Potential users of this website are requested to inform themselves about and to observe any such restrictions.

 

 

 

 

Index Replication Process

 

Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.

 

However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.

 

A Performance Swap is a contractual agreement which is negotiated over-the-counter (OTC) between two parties: the Lyxor UCITS ETF and its counterparty. From a risk perspective, each Performance Swap ranks equally with other senior unsecured obligations of the counterparty, such as common bonds (i.e., same rights to payments). In the Performance Swap, the counterparty of the Lyxor UCITS ETF commits to pay the Lyxor UCITS ETF a variable return based on a pre-determined benchmark index, instead of a fixed stream of income (as in bonds). At the same time, the counterparty will receive from the Lyxor UCITS ETF the performance and any related revenues generated by the basket's assets (excluding the value of the Performance Swap) held by the Lyxor UCITS ETF. Information provided on individual ETFs includes data on the basket relating to the ETF and the percentage value of the basket represented by each asset. The information is relevant to the closing values on the date given. 

 

Investment Risks

 

The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.

 

Prior to any investment in any Lyxor UCITS ETF, you should make your own appraisal of the risks from a financial, legal and tax perspective, without relying exclusively on the information provided by us. We recommend that you consult your own independent professional advisors (including legal, tax, financial or accounting advisors, as appropriate).

 

Specific Risks

 

·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (“FSCS”), or any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

·         Currency Risk. ETFs may be exposed to currency risk if the ETF or Benchmark Index holdings are denominated in a currency different to that of the Benchmark Index they are tracking. This means that exchange rate fluctuations could have a negative or positive effect on returns.

·         Replication Risk. ETFs are designed to replicate the performance of the Benchmark Index. Unexpected events relating to the constituents of the Benchmark Index may impact the Index provider’s ability to calculate the Benchmark Index, which may affect the ETF’s ability to replicate the Benchmark Index efficiently. This may create Tracking Error in the ETF.

·         Underlying Risk. The Benchmark Index of a Lyxor ETF may be complex and volatile. When investing in commodities, the Benchmark Index is calculated with reference to commodity futures contracts which can expose investors to risks related to the cost of carry and transportation. ETFs exposed to Emerging Markets carry a greater risk of potential loss than investment in Developed Markets as they are exposed to a wide range of unpredictable Emerging Market risks.

·         Liquidity Risk. On-exchange liquidity may be limited as a result of a suspension in the underlying market represented by the Benchmark Index tracked by the ETF; a failure in the systems of one of the relevant stock exchanges, Societe Generale or other Market Maker systems; or an abnormal trading situation or event.

 

The securities can be neither offered in nor transferred to the United States.

 

Tax

 

Any statement in relation to tax, where made, is generic and non-exhaustive and is based on our understanding of the laws and practice in force as of the date of this document and is subject to any changes in law and practice and the interpretation and application thereof, which changes could be made with retroactive effect. Any such statement must not be construed as tax advice and must not be relied upon. The tax treatment of investments will, inter alia, depend on an individual’s circumstances. Investors must consult with an appropriate professional tax adviser to ascertain for themselves the taxation consequences of acquiring, holding and/or disposing of any investments mentioned on this website. 

 

Further information on the risk factors are available in the [Risk Warning – link to risk page] section of the website.

 

Any fund prospectus and supplements are available at www.lyxoretf.co.uk. Information given about the past performance of the funds is no guarantee of future performance. No investment decision should be taken without reading the Legal Documents relating to the particuler Exchange Traded Fund concerned. A copy of the Legal Documents may be obtained from Lyxor UK at SG House, 41 Tower Hill, London EC3N 4SG upon request. 

 

Although the content of the website is based upon information that Lyxor UK consider reliable or comes from sources that Lyxor UK consider reliable, Lyxor UK has not verified such information. Lyxor UK make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of any information.  Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of the materials available on the website is prohibited.

 

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By clicking on your client type to enter the website, you shall be deemed to have represented to us that you are not a U.S. person and that you are not located in the United States of America, its territories and possessions, and any State of the United States of America and that you are authorised to receive the information to and on this website.

 

 

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23 Sep 2020

The case for index investing to tackle climate change

When a decision has been made to invest in line with climate or ESG considerations, an investor is faced with an important choice: active manager or index fund?

Some argue active managers are best-placed to implement sustainable strategies such as environmental, social and governance (ESG) or climate change investing, because they can make considered decisions to buy or sell companies based on observed behaviours. Others maintain that index funds can achieve the same goals in a transparent and rules-based way for a fraction of the cost.

As the money invested in climate-friendly and socially-responsible strategies rises, it becomes more important to investigate which approach works best for achieving certain investment goals. On this question rely major pools of capital that could make a significant contribution to a sustainable future for the planet.

In this article, we outline three factors which we believe support an index-based approach for climate and ESG investing, in 2020 and the decades beyond.

Reason #1: Better data means indices now match even advanced sustainability goals

Thanks to improvements in data quality, investment indices today can be built to reflect all sorts of climate and ESG policies – then make them accessible to investors at a low cost.

Innovations in this area include exclusionary screens that filter out, as an example, companies that consume or extract high amounts of thermal coal. They include the implementation of specific values such as gender equality, or stock selection based on carbon ratings, or alignment with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). All these varied objectives and more are now codified in indices, meaning most sustainable investment objectives may now be achieved using an index-based approach.

The variety of new sustainable indices means they could be used in a variety of new ways; as portfolio cores, for example, that could substitute traditional market-capitalisation weighted indices for ones that weight by ESG scores, with limited tracking error. Some values-orientated or broad sustainability indices may be used as diversifiers whenever implementing those convictions justifies a higher tracking error.

Overall, better data means better indices and more ways to invest with an index-based approach in a transparent, low-cost and rules-based way – all important considerations for investors looking to generate long term sustainable performance.

Reason #2: Indexing makes sustainable investing scalable

Much of sustainable investing practice is focused on ‘impact’, which means assessing an investment’s social or environmental effect alongside its financial return.

Impact investing is often associated with private loans and private equity, where active funds are clearly well-placed to play a role. Yet, the same principles that support investing in private assets – intentionality, additionality, measurability – are also reflected in the publicly-listed assets generally tracked by ETFs.

And because listed assets have higher liquidity than unlisted ones, an index investor can mobilise larger amounts of capital and make it work towards their ESG goals.

Some examples of how Lyxor’s ETFs help investors deploy capital towards important sustainable goals include our funds contributing to UN SDGs, which invest to support climate actionwaterclean and affordable energy and gender equality. Our ESG Trend Leaders range invests in companies with a rising ESG trend, not only the best-rated ones, as we believe it makes more impact to reward companies actively making changes.

Reason #3: Good passive managers have an active voice

One concern among investors comparing active and index-based strategies for sustainable investing is shareholder engagement: can a passive investor really hold portfolio companies to account?

Some passive managers, including Lyxor, have tackled this by setting up voting policies like an active manager. These policies and voting records are public and the manager is accountable to fund holders. In Lyxor’s shareholder engagement policy it also involves a direct dialogue with companies to communicate expectations, for example with respect to governance.

In our updated 2020 voting policy, we have upped the ante for company engagement, with climate change considerations in particular taking a more prominent role. We may now refuse to grant discharge to a board of directors or to approve the reappointment of members in the case of environmental controversies or a lack of transparency concerning greenhouse gas emissions. From 2021, we may also refuse the chairman re-election of any board where the company refuses to uphold the recommendations of the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), a framework designed to help companies and ESG investors better manage their exposure to climate risks and opportunities.

On top of that, Lyxor will be able to vote against resolutions concerning executives’ compensation if extra-financial measures have not been sufficiently considered within remuneration policies.

This shows it is possible to encourage sustainable business practice with index investing – if that investment is with a responsible ‘active’ passive manager.

More choice means more ways to achieve sustainable investment goals

The combination of better sustainability data, the scalability of index-based investing, and the power of company engagement by major passive managers, means investors can confidently use index-based strategies to achieve sustainable investment goals.

Here at Lyxor, we have made it our mission to provide investors with all sorts of index products that increase the options for climate, ESG, and values-based investing. Our pioneering Green Bonds ETF invests only in green bonds approved by the Climate Bonds Initiative, ensuring proceeds are strictly earmarked to pro-climate projects and assets.

Similarly, where the landmark Paris Agreement committed the countries of the world to limit global warming to “well below” 2°C and “pursue efforts to limit” it to 1.5°C above preindustrial levels, research is demonstrating that there are major differences in the outcome of +2°C versus +1.5°C for the sustainability of human ecosystems,1 and rules-based indexes can be designed to match this most ambitious target.

Our climate transition ETFs launched this year are designed to help investors meet this goal by starting their climate transition plans right now, using core equity indices built by S&P and MSCI. These benchmarks give higher weights to companies with a capacity to manage and contribute to climate transition through the reduction of carbon emissions.

In the same way that the $6.7tn ETF industry2 caused an unquestionable shift in the investment landscape, we’re delighted to see a shift of similar scope towards better, greener portfolios.3 Choices now abound for long term investors seeking to invest sustainably, and index investing has many benefits in the fight against climatete change that make it worth taking seriously.

Learn more about our Climate Transition ETFs designed to help limit global warming

1Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Special Report, October 2018, https://report.ipcc.ch/sr15/pdf/sr15_spm_final.pdf 2Source: ETFGI, as at Sep 2020. 3Source: GSIA, 2018 Global Sustainable Investment Review.

Risk Warning

This document is for the exclusive use of investors acting on their own account and categorised either as “Eligible Counterparties” or “Professional Clients” within the meaning of Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2014/65/EU. These products comply with the UCITS Directive (2009/65/EC). Société Générale and Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM) recommend that investors read carefully the “investment risks” section of the product’s documentation (prospectus and KIID). The prospectus and KIID are available free of charge on www.lyxoretf.com, and upon request to client-services-etf@lyxor.com.

Except for the United-Kingdom, where this communication is issued in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP, which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK under Registration Number 435658, this communication is issued by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French management company authorized by the Autorité des marchés financiers and placed under the regulations of the UCITS (2014/91/EU) and AIFM (2011/61/EU) Directives. Société Générale is a French credit institution (bank) authorised by the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (the French Prudential Control Authority).

The products mentioned are the object of market-making contracts, the purpose of which is to ensure the liquidity of the products on the London Stock Exchange, assuming normal market conditions and normally functioning computer systems. Units of a specific UCITS ETF managed by an asset manager and purchased on the secondary market cannot usually be sold directly back to the asset manager itself. Investors must buy and sell units on a secondary market with the assistance of an intermediary (e.g. a stockbroker) and may incur fees for doing so. In addition, investors may pay more than the current net asset value when buying units and may receive less than the current net asset value when selling them. Updated composition of the product’s investment portfolio is available on www.lyxoretf.com. In addition, the indicative net asset value is published on the Reuters and Bloomberg pages of the product, and might also be mentioned on the websites of the stock exchanges where the product is listed.

Prior to investing in the product, investors should seek independent financial, tax, accounting and legal advice. It is each investor’s responsibility to ascertain that it is authorised to subscribe, or invest into this product. This document is of a commercial nature and not of a regulatory nature. This material is of a commercial nature and not a regulatory nature. This document does not constitute an offer, or an invitation to make an offer, from Société Générale, Lyxor Asset Management (together with its affiliates, Lyxor AM) or any of their respective subsidiaries to purchase or sell the product referred to herein.

Research disclaimer

Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) or its employees may have or maintain business relationships with companies covered in its research reports. As a result, investors should be aware that LIAM and its employees may have a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of this report. Investors should consider this report as only a single factor in making their investment decision. Please see appendix at the end of this report for the analyst(s) certification(s), important disclosures and disclaimers. Alternatively, visit our global research disclosure website www.lyxoretf.com/compliance.

Conflicts of interest 

This research contains the views, opinions and recommendations of Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists. To the extent that this research contains trade ideas based on macro views of economic market conditions or relative value, it may differ from the fundamental Cross Asset and ETF Research opinions and recommendations contained in Cross Asset and ETF Research sector or company research reports and from the views and opinions of other departments of LIAM and its affiliates. Lyxor Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists routinely consult with LIAM sales and portfolio management personnel regarding market information including, but not limited to, pricing, spread levels and trading activity of ETFs tracking equity, fixed income and commodity indices. Trading desks may trade, or have traded, as principal on the basis of the research analyst(s) views and reports. Lyxor has mandatory research policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to (i) ensure that purported facts in research reports are based on reliable information and (ii) to prevent improper selective or tiered dissemination of research reports. In addition, research analysts receive compensation based, in part, on the quality and accuracy of their analysis, client feedback, competitive factors and LIAM’s total revenues including revenues from management fees and investment advisory fees and distribution fees.

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