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A professional client is a client that is either a per se professional client or an elective professional client  (Note article 4 (1) 12 of Mifid )


A professional client is one of the following:

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  • another institutional investor whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments (in relation to the firm's MiFID or equivalent third country business) or designated investments (in relation to the firm's other business). This includes entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions.


The above definition is only an extract and is not exhaustive. For further details please refer to the Glossary section of the FCA Handbook:



Lyxor and Lyxor ETF are names used by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP to promote the products of Lyxor International Asset Management. Although information contained herein is from sources believed to be reliable, Lyxor UK makes no representation or warranty regarding the accuracy af any information. Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of these materials is prohibited. This site is maintained by Lyxor UK, SG House, 41 Towar Hill, London EC3N 4SG.



Marketing Restrictions and Implications


Lyxor UCITS compliant Exchange Traded Funds (Lyxor UCITS ETFs) referred to on this website are open ended mutual investment funds (i) established under the French law and approved by the Autorité des Marchés Financiers (the French Financial Markets Authority), or (ii) established under the Luxembourg law and approved by the Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (the Luxembourg Financial Supervisory Committee). Most, if not all, of the protections provided by the UK regulatory system generally and for UK authorised funds do not apply to these exchange traded funds (ETFs). In particular, investors should note that holdings in this product will not be covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme, or by any similar scheme in France.


This website is exclusively intended for persons who are not "US persons", as such term is defined in Regulation S or the US Securities Act 1933, as amended, and who are not physically present in the US. This website does not constitute an offer or an invitation to purchase any securities in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such offer or invitation is not authorised or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation. Potential users of this website are requested to inform themselves about and to observe any such restrictions.





Index Replication Process


Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow both physical and synthetic index replication process.


However, most Lyxor UCITS ETFs follow synthetic replication process. This consists of entering into a derivative transaction (a ‘Performance Swap’, as defined below) with a counterparty that provides complete and effective exposure to its benchmark index. Lyxor has adopted this methodology in order to minimise tracking error, optimise transaction costs and reduce operational risks.


A Performance Swap is a contractual agreement which is negotiated over-the-counter (OTC) between two parties: the Lyxor UCITS ETF and its counterparty. From a risk perspective, each Performance Swap ranks equally with other senior unsecured obligations of the counterparty, such as common bonds (i.e., same rights to payments). In the Performance Swap, the counterparty of the Lyxor UCITS ETF commits to pay the Lyxor UCITS ETF a variable return based on a pre-determined benchmark index, instead of a fixed stream of income (as in bonds). At the same time, the counterparty will receive from the Lyxor UCITS ETF the performance and any related revenues generated by the basket's assets (excluding the value of the Performance Swap) held by the Lyxor UCITS ETF. Information provided on individual ETFs includes data on the basket relating to the ETF and the percentage value of the basket represented by each asset. The information is relevant to the closing values on the date given. 


Investment Risks


The Lyxor UCITS ETFs described on this website are not suitable for everyone. Investors' capital is at risk. Investors should not deal in this product unless they understand, having obtained independent professional advice where necessary, its nature, terms and conditions, and the extent of their exposure to risk. The value of the product can go down as well as up and can be subject to volatility due to factors such as price changes in the underlying instrument and interest rates. If a fund is quoted in a different currency to the index, currency risks exist.


Prior to any investment in any Lyxor UCITS ETF, you should make your own appraisal of the risks from a financial, legal and tax perspective, without relying exclusively on the information provided by us. We recommend that you consult your own independent professional advisors (including legal, tax, financial or accounting advisors, as appropriate).


Specific Risks


·         Capital at Risk. ETFs are tracking instruments: Their risk profile is similar to a direct investment in the Benchmark Index. Investors’ capital is fully at risk and investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Investments are not covered by the provisions of the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (“FSCS”), or any similar scheme.

·         Counterparty Risk. Investors may be exposed to risks resulting from the use of an OTC Swap with Societe Generale. Physical ETFs may have Counterparty Risk resulting from the use of a Securities Lending Programme.

·         Currency Risk. ETFs may be exposed to currency risk if the ETF or Benchmark Index holdings are denominated in a currency different to that of the Benchmark Index they are tracking. This means that exchange rate fluctuations could have a negative or positive effect on returns.

·         Replication Risk. ETFs are designed to replicate the performance of the Benchmark Index. Unexpected events relating to the constituents of the Benchmark Index may impact the Index provider’s ability to calculate the Benchmark Index, which may affect the ETF’s ability to replicate the Benchmark Index efficiently. This may create Tracking Error in the ETF.

·         Underlying Risk. The Benchmark Index of a Lyxor ETF may be complex and volatile. When investing in commodities, the Benchmark Index is calculated with reference to commodity futures contracts which can expose investors to risks related to the cost of carry and transportation. ETFs exposed to Emerging Markets carry a greater risk of potential loss than investment in Developed Markets as they are exposed to a wide range of unpredictable Emerging Market risks.

·         Liquidity Risk. On-exchange liquidity may be limited as a result of a suspension in the underlying market represented by the Benchmark Index tracked by the ETF; a failure in the systems of one of the relevant stock exchanges, Societe Generale or other Market Maker systems; or an abnormal trading situation or event.


The securities can be neither offered in nor transferred to the United States.




Any statement in relation to tax, where made, is generic and non-exhaustive and is based on our understanding of the laws and practice in force as of the date of this document and is subject to any changes in law and practice and the interpretation and application thereof, which changes could be made with retroactive effect. Any such statement must not be construed as tax advice and must not be relied upon. The tax treatment of investments will, inter alia, depend on an individual’s circumstances. Investors must consult with an appropriate professional tax adviser to ascertain for themselves the taxation consequences of acquiring, holding and/or disposing of any investments mentioned on this website. 


Further information on the risk factors are available in the [Risk Warning – link to risk page] section of the website.


Any fund prospectus and supplements are available at Information given about the past performance of the funds is no guarantee of future performance. No investment decision should be taken without reading the Legal Documents relating to the particuler Exchange Traded Fund concerned. A copy of the Legal Documents may be obtained from Lyxor UK at SG House, 41 Tower Hill, London EC3N 4SG upon request. 


Although the content of the website is based upon information that Lyxor UK consider reliable or comes from sources that Lyxor UK consider reliable, Lyxor UK has not verified such information. Lyxor UK make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, completeness or adequacy of any information.  Any reproduction, disclosure or dissemination of the materials available on the website is prohibited.



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25 Feb 2021

Why investing in water is essential to fight climate change

We all know that there’s a climate emergency – and that urgent action is needed to combat it. What’s less well known is that one major impact of the climate crisis is felt through water scarcity.

Water scarcity threatens lives, livelihoods, and the stability of societies around the world. Funding and innovation are urgently required to avert disaster – and investors can play a crucial role by backing businesses that are improving the supply and safety of one of the most valuable substances on Earth.

Why we can’t all wash our hands

One thing we’ve all been doing a lot more of recently is washing our hands. As a mandated means of avoiding infection, rigorous handwashing has become second nature to most of us over the past year.

But in many parts of the world, you can’t simply turn on the tap. At present, some 3 billion people lack basic handwashing facilities at home1. In this age of global pandemics, that figure has worrying implications for all of us.

Meanwhile, 2.2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water while 4.2 billion are without properly managed sanitation2. Water-borne diseases, such as typhoid and cholera, kill millions of people each year – most of them children3.

From the relative comfort of a developed country, it can be hard to appreciate some of the challenges posed by water scarcity. But in many tropical or arid regions, the scale of the threat is all too clear. And these water-related problems will affect us all if we don’t  take action. According to the UN, water scarcity could displace 300 million people by 2030. So it’s a problem that none of us can ignore. 

Demographics and the climate crisis

One major factor in the world’s water crisis is our growing population. Today, we as a species need six times the amount of water we did a century ago4. So, demand has risen sharply – and it will continue to rise as populations grow. By 2030, demand for water is likely to outstrip supply by 40%, with half of the world’s population facing water stress5.

At the same time, freshwater resources are being depleted at an alarming rate. And here, the main factor is climate change. Changes to our climate make the supply of water more erratic because rainfall is altered in ways that are hard to predict. Longstanding seasonal patterns are being disrupted, often with disastrous consequences for communities in vulnerable areas. The worst impacts of climate change come through droughts and floods – both of which affect the supply of clean water.

The higher temperatures caused by climate change also affect the quality of water. This is because they lead to a reduction in the dissolved oxygen in water bodies, which constrains their ability to purify themselves. In this way, climate change affects both the quantity and the quality of the world’s water supply6.

The impact is most severe in tropical areas of the planet, which means it falls disproportionately on the developing world. But it’s not confined to developing countries. The melting of glaciers affects the supply of water in mountainous regions, too.

In fact, according to the UN, constraints on the supply of water are the main way in which people experience climate change worldwide7. Water scarcity is not just being exacerbated by the climate crisis; for millions of people around the globe, it is the climate crisis.

The UN’s SDGs

The UN recognises the importance of water in its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Number six is ‘clean water and sanitation’. But water scarcity is an issue that ripples across several other SDGs too, including ‘zero hunger’ (no. 2), ‘good health and well-being’ (no. 3), ‘responsible production and consumption (no. 12), ‘life below water’ (no. 14), and ‘life on land’ (no. 15).

In this web of interconnected issues, filtration, irrigation delivery, wastewater treatment and usage management are just some of the key issues. Poor management of water resources exacerbates the effects of climate change and often means that communities have insufficient access to the water they need even when the country concerned has ample supplies.

What investors can do

The water challenge is as daunting as it is dangerous. But many innovative companies are working to improve the situation. They do this by helping countries and communities adapt to the reality of climate change and its effects on water supply, or by developing new technologies that mitigate the worst of those effects and improve water quality and availability.

Important innovations here range from satellite-based observation of climate patterns to predict water availability, to the use of smart technology to detect leaks in urban water systems. Water utilities increasingly use cutting-edge technology to monitor and meter water usage. Meanwhile, industrial companies are developing more sophisticated ways to transport, filter and recycle water – maximising efficiency and reducing waste.

But all of these innovations are costly, and that’s where investors come in. Investors have a crucial role to play in allocating capital to the companies that are making a real difference in water. And because water scarcity is such a pressing and persistent problem, it presents a compelling long-term investment theme for investors who want to combine returns with real impact. 

The Lyxor World Water ETF

One way in which investors can contribute to the fight against water scarcity is by investing in water funds. The Lyxor World Water (DR) UCITS ETF is one of the largest and longest established, offering investors a liquid and low-cost means of helping here. It invests in the world’s 30 largest water companies by revenue across three crucial ‘clusters’: water treatment, utilities, and infrastructure.​

msci smart

The World Water ETF tracks the World Water Total Return index, which incorporates a stock selection model designed by RobecoSAM – a company well known for its deep understanding of sustainable themes. Since its launch in December 2003, the World Water index has outperformed the MSCI World by an average of over four percentage points per annum8.

This striking performance stems from the innovation and expertise that the index’s component companies are demonstrating in tackling the problems in the world’s water supply.

Among these companies is the US-based Evoqua Water Technologies. It specialises in identifying water-related problems as they emerge and providing effective solutions. Its operations range from supplying fresh water to Haitian villages to running a mobile water-treatment fleet in North America.

Then there’s Veolia. This French company provides an extensive range of water and waste-management solutions worldwide. It has just signed an order to supply 53 wastewater-management plants to Kuwait, which will enable the desert country to reuse some 40,000 cubic metres of water a day. The recycled water will help the country to overcome the challenges of water scarcity in its agricultural industry.

‘Smart water’ is another prominent theme. Companies such as Xylem, Severn Trent and Pentair are all involved in smart-water solutions that harness ‘big data’ to develop more efficient water usage.

Turning the tide

Lyxor’s World Water ETF gives investors the power to turn the tide on water scarcity. Happily, that comes with the potential for attractive long-term returns as the fund’s underlying components continue to meet the challenges of the world’s water crisis. For investors who want to make a positive impact, the World Water fund is an obvious choice – because, when it comes to water scarcity, none of us can afford to simply wash our hands.

Learn more about the Lyxor World Water (DR) UCITS ETF

A note on our Smart Cities ETF

Investing in Smart Cities is another way to get exposure to the water theme. While our Smart Cities ETF aims to capture a broad set of concepts and technologies designed to make cities more digitally connected and sustainable, Smart Water & Waste Management forms one of those themes.

As of February 2021, the following water-related companies may be found in both our World Water ETF and our Smart Cities ETF: California Water Service, Severn Trent, Kurita Water Industries, Pentair, Veolia, Evoqua Water Technologies and Franklin Electric.

Learn more about the Lyxor MSCI Smart Cities ESG Filtered (DR) UCITS ETF








8 Source: Lyxor International Asset Management, Bloomberg. Performance measured gross of fees. Data as at 31/12/2020. Past performance is not indicative of future returns. 

Risk Warning

This document is for the exclusive use of investors acting on their own account and categorised either as “Eligible Counterparties” or “Professional Clients” within the meaning of Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2014/65/EU. These products comply with the UCITS Directive (2009/65/EC). Société Générale and Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM) recommend that investors read carefully the “investment risks” section of the product’s documentation (prospectus and KIID). The prospectus and KIID are available free of charge on, and upon request to

Except for the United-Kingdom, where this communication is issued in the UK by Lyxor Asset Management UK LLP, which is authorized and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in the UK under Registration Number 435658, this communication is issued by Lyxor International Asset Management (LIAM), a French management company authorized by the Autorité des marchés financiers and placed under the regulations of the UCITS (2014/91/EU) and AIFM (2011/61/EU) Directives. Société Générale is a French credit institution (bank) authorised by the Autorité de contrôle prudentiel et de résolution (the French Prudential Control Authority).

The products mentioned are the object of market-making contracts, the purpose of which is to ensure the liquidity of the products on the London Stock Exchange, assuming normal market conditions and normally functioning computer systems. Units of a specific UCITS ETF managed by an asset manager and purchased on the secondary market cannot usually be sold directly back to the asset manager itself. Investors must buy and sell units on a secondary market with the assistance of an intermediary (e.g. a stockbroker) and may incur fees for doing so. In addition, investors may pay more than the current net asset value when buying units and may receive less than the current net asset value when selling them. Updated composition of the product’s investment portfolio is available on In addition, the indicative net asset value is published on the Reuters and Bloomberg pages of the product, and might also be mentioned on the websites of the stock exchanges where the product is listed.

Prior to investing in the product, investors should seek independent financial, tax, accounting and legal advice. It is each investor’s responsibility to ascertain that it is authorised to subscribe, or invest into this product. This document is of a commercial nature and not of a regulatory nature. This material is of a commercial nature and not a regulatory nature. This document does not constitute an offer, or an invitation to make an offer, from Société Générale, Lyxor Asset Management (together with its affiliates, Lyxor AM) or any of their respective subsidiaries to purchase or sell the product referred to herein.

Research disclaimer

Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) or its employees may have or maintain business relationships with companies covered in its research reports. As a result, investors should be aware that LIAM and its employees may have a conflict of interest that could affect the objectivity of this report. Investors should consider this report as only a single factor in making their investment decision. Please see appendix at the end of this report for the analyst(s) certification(s), important disclosures and disclaimers. Alternatively, visit our global research disclosure website

Conflicts of interest

This research contains the views, opinions and recommendations of Lyxor International Asset Management (“LIAM”) Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists. To the extent that this research contains trade ideas based on macro views of economic market conditions or relative value, it may differ from the fundamental Cross Asset and ETF Research opinions and recommendations contained in Cross Asset and ETF Research sector or company research reports and from the views and opinions of other departments of LIAM and its affiliates. Lyxor Cross Asset and ETF research analysts and/or strategists routinely consult with LIAM sales and portfolio management personnel regarding market information including, but not limited to, pricing, spread levels and trading activity of ETFs tracking equity, fixed income and commodity indices. Trading desks may trade, or have traded, as principal on the basis of the research analyst(s) views and reports. Lyxor has mandatory research policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to (i) ensure that purported facts in research reports are based on reliable information and (ii) to prevent improper selective or tiered dissemination of research reports. In addition, research analysts receive compensation based, in part, on the quality and accuracy of their analysis, client feedback, competitive factors and LIAM’s total revenues including revenues from management fees and investment advisory fees and distribution fees.

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